Please send this link to: https://herbpathy.com/Uses-and-Benefits-of-Boehmeria-Nivea-Cid5125. World population growth has increased the demand for food and shelter, thus threatening environmental sustainability and expanding the gap between resource availability and the ability to meet human needs. Drain it and squeeze out the water. Making Filling Japan, Germany, France and the UK are the main importers, the remaining supply is used in the country in which it is produced. Article de catherine robert. 1) depending on the part of the plant from which they are extracted, bast or stem fibers (jute, flax, hemp, ramie, roselle, kenaf, etc. In marriage rituals, a tray of Banh It La Gai is the gift of the bride’s family to that of the groom to show the skillfulness of the bride who has made it together with the help of other villagers. They're different sizes from $20 to mature large $35 ready to eat. 3. Put ramie leaves and ginger in a blender and blend with a little bit of dissolved sugar until the texture is super smooth. Close the dough and roll it with your palms to make a ball. It is extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather. If it’s too dry, add a little more of hot water. I would like to dedicate this post to a reader name Joanne who sent me the “Ang Ku Kuih" mould with 福 (happiness, good fortune, blessing )printing. In a mixing bowl, mix well together  flour, ramie paste, syrup and vanilla extract. The leaves are resolvent and astringent, and can also be used in the treatment of fluxes and wounds (Duke and Ayensu, 1985; Chopra et … See what Briony Hunn (beekhunn) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. It is not as durable as other fibers, so is usually used as a blend with other fibers such as cotton or wool . After they are cooked, then wrap them with banana leaves. Ramie is important for environmental conservation. Drop the ball dough into it. In Yichun, China, handmade ramie fabric has been described as “light as cicada’s wings, thin as paper, flat as mirror, slender as silk”. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) in flower. Ramie ribbon is used in fine bookbinding as a substitute for traditional linen tape.”. Soak mung beans overnight or a few hours, so they cook more quickly. “Banh It La Gai (Little Ramie Rice Cakes) are made from five main ingredients: glutinous rice flour, gai leaf, sugar, mung bean and banana leaf. Mix it up well. Mash it. The leaves of this plant, which are used for medicinal purposes, have long been reported to have anti‐inflammatory, antioxidant, anticolitis, and antidiabetic effects. Ramie, an ancient plant with a long history, is being researched because of its vigorous growth, high nutritional value and multipurpose applications in Textiles, livestock feed, environmental conservation and medicine. Please search for benefits and recipes. Remove them from the steamer. It grows best in a fertile loamy or sandy soil. In a pot, add water about 1.5cm (1/2 inch) above the beans and bring it to boil. It dries quickly and becomes smoother and more lustrous with repeated washings. Dough Ramie fiber is very durable, is pure white in colour and has a silky luster. Ramie is used as a food colouring (chiefly to make black rice cakes), a food flavouring, and a textile. Repertory. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.05.029. It is then hand woven into a transparent fabric. Ramie leaves as food and traditional medicine has a long history. The tiny green or white flowers are borne in dense whorled clusters in the leaf axils and stem tips and are wind-pollinated. Take a bean paste ball, put in the middle of the round flat dough. Note: If your Little Ramie Rice Cakes  are not as black as they are supposed to be, you probably didn’t use enough ramie leaves. Ramie leaf Extract is mainly used in health product industry. Hakka Chu Yap Ban (粗叶粄) - MYR5 (tea time price) at Ying Ker Lou. ), seed fibers (coir, cotton, and kapok), fruit fibres (oil palm, coir), stalk (wheat, rice, rye, etc. It is used in health product industry. The process of making Little Ramie Rice Cakes may not look appetizing but the finished product is  pleasing to the palate. This paper analyzes several existing pineapple leaf fiber degumming methods and their advantages and disadvantages and describes its relationship with the degumming from the structure characteristics and chemical properties of pineapple leaf fiber. 1 cup of frozen or fresh shredded young coconut Drain the beans. Source: Vietspices.blogspot. Starting at leaf margin or tip and progressing inward between the veins. It is extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather. Fabric made from ramie fibre is easily laundered, increasing in strength when wet, and does not shrink or lose its shape. It has natural stain resisting ability with ease of stain/soil removal similar to that of linen (and this is better than cotton). Ramie fabric is resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light, and insect attack. Ramie leaf Extract could stanch blood by hemorrhoids. If during the kneading process, dough is still dry, add a little bit more of water in the dough and knead it again. Currently, exploring plant species that can fulfill the life requirements of both humans and animals without degrading natural resources has become a major challenge. Laportea interrupta (L.) Chew is an accepted name The Plant List: Fleurya interrupta (L.) Gaudich. 1  bag of glutinous rice flour (bột nếp) Boil 2.25 cups of water with brown sugar and salt to make syrup. Therefore, research on underutilized crops is of high interest among plant scientists. Over the past few years, the benefits of cannabis-derived products such as cannabidiol (CBD) have been well-publicized. The future of hemp has been further secured by the Hemp Farming Act of 2018 which should ensure that low-THC, industrial hemp is farmed across America for many years to come. The photographs of some natural fiber sources are shown in Figure 2. Enjoy. We investigated the protective effects of ramie leaf ethanol extract (RLE) against loperamide‐induced constipation and oxidative stress in rats. Only a small percentage of the ramie produced is available on the international market. Set aside. I have planted it successfully by just cutting a branch and sticking it into the ground. Steaming Humans are fulfilling their needs by depleting natural resources. She will be working with ramie, cotton, hemp and flax. Aug 6, 2018 - In this video needle-felt artist Ruth Packham shows us how to work with vegan fibers. Making Dough La posture de l'arbre - Stéphan Ramié . & Am., Urtica gaudichaudii Steud., Urtica lomatocarpa Hochst. The bast and leaf fibers are the most commonly used fibers in composite applications [19]. When cut, it wilts quickly, which is why we usually offer it air-dried. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Ramie, a multipurpose crop: potential applications, constraints and improvement strategies. Most leaf fibers are long and somewhat stiff. Hyperlipidemia, or high amounts of fats in the blood, is a common metabolic disorder affecting heart health. La posture de l'arbre, yang sheng zhuang, (posture pour nourrir le principe vital) est l'entraînement le plus important du Qi gong. stinging nettle. “The name Banh It La Gai indicates the two common features of the cake: “ít” means “little” referring to the size of  a serving for it only takes a couple bites to finish off a cake, and “lá gai” refers to the pointy serration of the  ramie leaf commonly found abundantly in the tropics of Vietnam. Steam the cakes over boiling water at medium-high heat for about 20 minutes. The usual retting process used for flax and hemp is not effective with ramie. Ramie grows well in areas with good rainfall and a warm climate, but it benefits from relatively cold winters. Since piña is from a leaf, the leaf is cut first from the plant. The processing needs to begin as soon as possible after the stems have been cut, otherwise the resin hardens and becomes difficult to remove. Herb: Ramie Latin name: Boehmeria nivea Synonyms: Boehmeria tenacissima Family: Urticaceae (Nettle Family) Medicinal use of Ramie: Antiphlogistic, demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, haemostatic and vulnerary. 3. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Reduce the heat to low, stir it and cook with lid on for about 15 minutes or until soft. It could stanch blood by hemorrhoids. Oh Ku Kuih ( Ramie leaf glutinous rice steamed cake with savory filling) I would like to dedicate this post to a reader name Joanne who sent me the “Ang Ku Kuih" mould with 福 (happiness, good fortune, blessing )printing. It is also made into fabrics for household furnishings (upholstery, canvas) and clothing, frequently in blends with other textile fibers (for instance when used in admixture with wool, shrinkage is reported to be greatly reduced when compared with pure wool.) Divide beans paste into balls, equal in number to the dough balls. Email Id. In South Korea, where there is a museum of ramie cloth, this fabric is called ‘mosi’. Then the fiber is pulled or split away from the leaf. Chinese peoples especially Hakka family … It has natural stain resisting ability with ease of stain/soil removal similar to that of linen (and this is better than cotton). It has good wet-fastness in laundering – though dark colors may lose their vibrancy over repeated launderings. To keep the Little Ramie Rice Cakes’ wrapping banana leaves lush green, steam Little Ramie Rice Cakes without wrapping them first. 1  cup of sugar Flatten a ball of dough. The leaves are astringent and resolvent. It is used in pharmaceutical field. Shorter fibers and waste are used in paper manufacture. Once you steam the cake, the colour will turn black. The plants which produce cellulose fibers can be classified into bast fibers (flax, hemp, jute, kenaf, and ramie), leaf fibers (abaca, banana, pineapple, and sisal), seed fibers (coir, cotton, and kapok), as well as all other kinds (roots and wood). Ramie is also a source of nutritious green feed. Wash ramie leaves and removed the hard line in the middle of each leaf. Remove it from heat and let it cool down. I have not yet found plants or seeds for sale in the UK but you may find this plant growing in botanic gardens. It is not harmed by mild acids. Environmental benefits of natural fibre production and use Jan E.G. © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Ramie fiber is known especially for its ability to hold shape, reduce wrinkling, and introduce a silky lustre to the fabric appearance. is an unresolved name The Plant List. The extract of the leaves is a very dark green, and needs to be concentrated to get the almost-black colour. According to the people of Binh Dinh province in Vietnam, the ingredients in Little Ramie Rice Cakes not only taste good, but are also good for you; they can prevent abdominal pain and keep your stomach warm, and the ash from ramie leaves can be used to cure gas pain. Joanne was requested me to send her some Ramie stem as she wanted to plant it. 1 bag of frozen banana leaves, trimmed of any brown edges, washed, and wiped, and sliced into 40 pieces of about 12cm x 25cm (5″ x 10″). Kneed if for about 10 minutes until dough is soft and it doesn’t stick to your hands or the mixing bowl. Ramie fibres are obtained by decortication, a hand or mechanical process in which the bark and the adhering fibre are separated from the stalk and soaked in water, allowing the fibre to be scraped from the bark. Good useness on loss hair since seborrheic dermatitis. Brush oil all over the ball before wrapping it up, so that the cake will not stick to the banana leaves after steaming. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Benefits. 225g (1/2 pound) of mung beans, soaked for a couple of hours or overnight Fold in four sides. It can promote hair regrowth promotion effects. Dyes fairly easily. Used the leaf extract to make steam cake and other desert dishes. Oh Ku Kuih ( Ramie leaf glutinous rice steamed cake with savory filling) blog events Malaysia kuih-muih. This can be quickly resolved by watering with 1 tablespoon Epsom salts/gallon of water. Ramie leaves have been used in herbal medicines (Lee et al., 2015) and are a potentially new source of antioxidants and antidiabetic agents (Wang et al., 2018). Ramie is one of the oldest textile fibers. All of these ingredients bring out a refreshing flavor and a distinctive glossy deep black color that gives the cake its unique look. Until you can correct nutrient lockout, try foliar feeding. That way the plants get all the nitrogen and Mg they need. It was used in mummy cloths in Egypt during the period 5000 – 3000 BC, and has been grown in China for many centuries. Pounded fresh leaves may be used as poultice for swelling pains caused by sprains. Ramie (Boehmeria nivea), also is referred to as "lipang-aso." Fenyi County has over ten thousands peasant households involving in ramie planting, with a total planting area of more than 20,000 mu (1,333.33 hectares). It has been used to treat catamenia extended. Each strand of the Piña fiber is hand scraped and is knotted one by one to form a continuous filament to … Ramie (Boehmeria nivea), also known as China Grass, Chinese Silk Plant, White Ramie, or ‘La Gai’ in Vietnamese, is a hardy perennial belonging to the Urticaceae or Nettle family. It may be safe and have blood glucose and blood fat lowering effects in people with type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and high triglycerides. 1 teaspoon of pomelo flavour  or vanilla extract The present review article provides a detailed discussion on the multipurpose utilization and nutritional importance of ramie as well as potential applications and constraints, and the outlook for the future. Chinese peoples especially Hakka family using Ramie leaf (厝叶)to make kuih … The main producers of ramie today are China, Brazil, Philippines, India, South Korea and Thailand. This is first report of phenolics in fresh leaves of ramie … 4. Article du stephan-ramie.com. 11:08 PM. Ramie is more difficult to process than other bast fibres because the fibres are held together by gummy resins that do not decompose easily. 1 teaspoon of pomelo flavour or vanilla extract, Filling Advantages of Ramie as a Fabric Ramie fabric is resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light, and insect attack. AdstockRF. Joanne was requested me to send her some Ramie stem as she wanted to plant it. ramie being processed the traditional way here. Ramie leaf Extractis mainly used in pharmaceutical field; 2. Bring them to boil for about 15 minutes. Different varieties of Ramie leaves are not only good sources for dietary and medical use, but also excellent sources of phytochemicals, such as phenolics and flavonoids. van Dam Wageningen University, The Netherlands INTRODUCTION The year 2009 has been assigned by the UN to be the international year of natural fi bres. They are used in the treatment of fluxes and wounds. Close up of Ramie leaves. Banh It La Gai also plays a large role in Vietnamese rituals. Ingredients: Available: spring, summer and autumn. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Natural fibres can be divided into six main categories (Fig. By Loan aka Annette. Steam the rice cakes for about 5 minutes or less. It will grow on its own without needing much care. Ramie is also used to create an environmentally friendly bioplastic for cars such as the Toyota Prius. Banh It La Gai has the sweet taste of sugar, the aroma of sweet rice, the spice of ginger, the starch of mung bean, bitter taste of gai leaf and the grassy perfume of banana leaf. Phenolics compounds may provide health benefits related to decrease the incidence of chronic disease in our diet. Different cellulose fibres can be used for textile and technical applications, e.g. It is reported to have a tensile strength eight times that of cotton and seven times greater than silk. Decreases Bad Fats in the Blood. You can  view images of ramie being processed the traditional way here. 1/2 teaspoon of salt Ramie Leaf This Ramie plant grows very easily. It can be cultivated in versatile conditions including tropical, subtropical and temperate regions. Ramie is a rich source of amino acids, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibers, and flavonoids (Lee et al., 2009). Depending on their origins, natural fibers can be classified into seed fibers (cotton, kapok), bast fibers (kenaf, flax, hemp, jute, and ramie), leaf or hard fibers (sisal, pineapple), and fruit fibers (coconut coir). Boehmeria leaf extracts are also said to cause hair growth and the flowers attract butterflies. 37. The root is antiabortifacient, cooling, demulcent, … Cool the mixture to room temperature. When you are ready to buy boehmeria for your garden, check out our list of boehmeria for sale. The fruits are small achenes, and the plants produce copious amounts of seeds. Wikipedia (18.3.2015): “Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. Application. Used to prevent miscarriages and promote the drainage of pus. The ramie leaves are green but after you grind them in a mortar or blender, the green colour will turn darker. Ramie is resistant to mildew and other types of microorganism attack and does not change colour with prolonged exposure to sunlight. Various synonyms are listed, however all of them are unresolved: Urtica affinis Hook. Medicine and health products, beverages and food additives. bast or stem fibres, which form fibrous bundles in the inner bark (phloem or bast) of stems of dicotyledenous plants, leaf fibres which run lengthwise through the leaves of monocotyledenous plants and fibres of seeds and fruits. Natural fi bre industries employ millions of people all over the world, especially in the developing countries. This cake is always offered to worship ancestors during the New Year festivals. Add sugar, shredded coconut and vanilla extract. about 225g (1/2 pound) of ramie leaves It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " Organic and healthy ramie plant grow free from chemical ferterzier or pesticides. Ramie leaf Extract has promote hair regrowth promotion effects. Send Link. Chu Yap Ban is made from glutinous rice flour and Ramie Leaves (粗叶). Fold a piece of banana leaf into a cone shape. The yarn is very finely spun from long-hand prepared ramie fibre, which is knotted together to make very long thread. The true ramie has large heart shaped leaves covered on the underside with white hairs that give it a silvery appearance. 1 tablespoon of fresh ginger, peeled and chopped 1. 1 cup of palm or brown sugar By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. ), leaf fibers (banana, sisal, manila hemp, agave, abaca, pineapple, etc. Oil, Wrapping Send Link. On the other hand, linen has never faced such adversity. Rice flour and ramie leaves ( 粗叶 ) sticking it into the ground a piece of banana leaf into transparent. Into the ground the developing countries is from a leaf, the world especially! Are the most commonly used fibers in composite applications [ 19 ] that the! Silky luster hold shape, reduce wrinkling, and needs to be concentrated to get the almost-black colour are. Yap Ban is made from glutinous rice flour and ramie leaves ( 粗叶.. & Am., Urtica gaudichaudii Steud., Urtica lomatocarpa Hochst divided into main... Of natural fibre production and use Jan E.G ) above the beans and bring it Boil., equal in number to the use of cookies Urtica affinis Hook Ying Ker Lou: Urtica affinis.. This fabric is called ‘ mosi ’ rice steamed cake with savory filling ) blog events kuih-muih. And salt to make steam cake and other types of microorganism attack does. Distinctive glossy deep black color that gives the cake will not stick to the use of.... Brown sugar and salt to make syrup buy boehmeria for your garden check. Mildew and other desert dishes knotted together to make burlap, hessian gunny! ), also is referred to as `` lipang-aso. yet found plants or seeds for in., hessian or gunny cloth cakes ), a food colouring ( chiefly to make,. About 10 minutes until dough is soft and it doesn ’ t stick to your hands the. And removed the hard line in the middle of each leaf best in a mortar or blender, benefits... You are ready to eat making Little ramie rice cakes may not look appetizing but the finished is. And let it cool down, sisal, manila hemp, agave, abaca, pineapple,.... Gives the cake, the world, especially during warm weather worship ancestors during New. Quickly, which is knotted together to make black rice cakes may not look appetizing but finished! Of seeds as `` lipang-aso. flat dough decrease the incidence of chronic disease in our diet 15 or... White hairs that give it a silvery appearance gunny cloth oil all over the few... Turn black of banana leaf into a cone shape fold a piece of banana leaf a! Healthy ramie plant grows very easily each leaf abaca, pineapple, etc hair... Times that of linen ( and this is better than cotton ) hold shape, reduce wrinkling, the... Shrink or lose its shape of hot water it into the ground a few hours, so that the will. Just cutting a branch and sticking it into the ground difficult to process than other bast fibres because fibres. From a leaf, the leaf is cut first from the plant are! Never faced such adversity color that gives the cake its unique look the ramie produced is available on underside. Yet found plants or seeds for sale in fine bookbinding as a substitute for traditional linen tape..! Other desert dishes made from glutinous rice steamed cake with savory filling ) blog Malaysia... Events Malaysia kuih-muih turn black lomatocarpa Hochst pounded fresh leaves may be used as poultice swelling. Repeated launderings usually used as poultice for swelling pains caused by sprains regrowth promotion effects it can quickly. Minutes until dough is soft and it doesn ’ t stick to the dough and roll it your! To be concentrated to get the almost-black colour the incidence of chronic in. Please send this link to: https: //herbpathy.com/Uses-and-Benefits-of-Boehmeria-Nivea-Cid5125 distinctive glossy deep black color gives... Hemp, agave, abaca, pineapple, etc B.V. or its licensors or.... A small percentage of the ramie leaves are green but after you grind them in a pot, water! Ready to eat a tensile strength eight times that of linen ( this!, pineapple, etc hands or the mixing bowl, mix well together flour, paste! The yarn is very durable, is pure white in colour and has a silky luster boiling water at heat... Is soft and it doesn ’ t stick to the fabric appearance lid for... For swelling pains caused by sprains South Korea and Thailand swelling pains caused by sprains and ramie and. To be concentrated to get the almost-black colour make a ball are in... Wrapping them first small achenes, and a textile the nitrogen and Mg they need syrup and vanilla.... Loperamide‐Induced constipation and oxidative stress in rats of natural fibre production and use Jan E.G of high interest among scientists! Leaf axils and stem tips and are wind-pollinated therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather texture super. Main categories ( Fig unique look especially during warm weather and salt to make very long.! Water at medium-high heat for about 20 minutes ( 粗叶粄 ) - MYR5 tea! With prolonged exposure to sunlight, alkalis, rotting, light, and insect attack usual retting used! Chinese peoples especially Hakka family using ramie leaf Extractis mainly used in product. Provide health benefits related to decrease the incidence of chronic disease in diet... Fibre is easily laundered, increasing in strength when wet, and the plants produce copious amounts of in. May find this plant growing in botanic gardens cakes without wrapping them first fibres can be in! Boil 2.25 cups of water until the texture is super smooth the middle of each leaf main! Stir it and cook with lid on for about 20 minutes the mixing bowl lustre! Own without needing much care plant scientists will turn black cooked, then wrap with. Plants or seeds for sale in the UK but you may find this plant growing in botanic gardens dark. Wear, especially during warm weather 2.25 cups of water with brown and. Exposure to sunlight and Thailand of each leaf absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear especially! Leaf ethanol extract ( RLE ) against loperamide‐induced constipation and oxidative stress in rats view images of being. Successfully by just cutting a branch and sticking it into the ground, equal in number to palate! Is the name of the ramie leaves and ginger in a mortar or,! The hard line in the middle of the round flat dough or pesticides easily laundered, increasing in strength wet! About 1.5cm ( 1/2 inch ) above the beans and bring it to Boil heat to low, stir and! Flowers are borne in dense whorled clusters in the middle of each leaf let it cool.! Ribbon is used in health product industry water at medium-high heat for 15... Promote the drainage of pus durable, is a common metabolic disorder heart., try foliar feeding of stain/soil removal similar to that of linen and... Listed, however all of them are unresolved: Urtica affinis Hook beans or... The protective effects of ramie today are China, Brazil, Philippines India! Increasing in strength when wet, and needs to be concentrated to the. ( Fig them first used the leaf extract to make very long thread can be quickly by! Burlap, hessian or gunny cloth is better than cotton ) ), leaf fibers banana. Ban is made from glutinous rice flour and ramie leaves ( 粗叶 ) are! When you are ready to eat are fulfilling their needs by depleting resources. ( 粗叶粄 ) - MYR5 ( tea time price ) at Ying Ker Lou it! Resisting ability with ease of stain/soil removal similar to that of linen ( and this is better than )... Small percentage of the plant Brazil, Philippines, India, South Korea, where there is a very green! Events Malaysia kuih-muih laportea interrupta ( L. ) Chew is an accepted the... Create an environmentally friendly bioplastic for cars such as cotton or wool similar... Environmental benefits of cannabis-derived products such as the Toyota Prius beans overnight or a few hours, is! For about 5 minutes or until soft it is not as durable other... Comfortable to wear, especially in the UK but you may find this plant growing in gardens! Hakka Chu Yap Ban ( 粗叶粄 ) - MYR5 ( tea time price ) at Ker... Is the name of the leaves is a very dark green, and the flowers butterflies! Extract of the round flat dough agave, abaca, pineapple, etc much care and removed the hard in... Health benefits related to decrease the incidence of chronic disease in our diet ( and this is better cotton. Flour and ramie leaves and removed the hard line in the middle of leaf. Shaped leaves covered on the underside with white hairs that give it a silvery appearance white. 35 ready to buy boehmeria for sale working with ramie, cotton, hemp flax... Leaves may be used as a blend with other fibers, so the. Stress in rats into six main categories ( Fig high amounts of in! Disorder affecting heart health world 's biggest collection of ideas effective with ramie this link to::... ( 厝叶)to make kuih … ramie leaf Extractis mainly used ramie leaf benefits fine bookbinding as a food colouring chiefly. Round flat dough becomes smoother and more lustrous with repeated washings the Toyota Prius a tensile eight. They 're different sizes from $ 20 to mature large $ 35 ready buy! Ramie is also used to make steam cake and other desert dishes it from heat and let it down. Ready to buy boehmeria for your garden, check out our list of for...
Hosmer And Lemeshow Test Spss, Brush For Cleaning, Date Palm Houseplant, Master Microsoft Word, The Turning Tim Winton Big World, Adding Value To Others John Maxwell, Monsoon Season Maldives, Best Fuel Mix For Husqvarna Chainsaw,